The base station transceiver subsystem (BTS) of the CDMA Mobile System is interfaced to mobile stations over the air and to the wired network through a packet switched interconnection network. The potential benefits of CDMA technology are achieved when the transmitter and the receiver are properly designed and implemented. The physical layer of the air interface at the base station is implemented with the CDMA ASICs and control circuits in the channel card of the BTS. We present the design perspectives and structural illustration of the BTS. Base station modem ASICs and their control to implement the CDMA receiver, baseband and RF signal processing blocks, and BTS controller are described. Elaborate power control is essential to ensure the high capacity which is one of advantages of the CDMA technology. The closed loop reverse link power control and the forward link power control operated in the BTS are described.
Lee, D.-W., Yoo, K., Kim, J.-S., Kim, M.J., Park, J.-H. Development of the base station transceiver subsystem in the CDMA mobile system (1997) ETRI Journal, 19 (3), pp. 116-140.