Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Biomedical and Chemical Engineering and Sciences

First Advisor

Ted A. Conway

Second Advisor

Linxia Gu

Third Advisor

Kenia P. Nunes Bruhn

Fourth Advisor

Daniel Kirk


Nitinol is a functional material with superelastic and shape memory properties derived from its unique molecular structure. The purpose of this thesis is to explore how the material and mechanical properties of self-expanding Nitinol stents affects the forces applied to arterial walls during stent deployment compared to the traditional balloon-expanding stainless steel stents, in addition to contrasting thin and thick-walled pressure vessel mathematical models. Nitinol’s mechanical properties can be optimized for stent applications by tailoring its processing procedures. Nitinol stents demonstrated a reduced circumferential hoop stress on the vessel wall and greater factor of safety with respect to vessel rupture compared to the stainless steel balloon-expanding stents. Nitinol’s unique properties and biocompatibility has led to Nitinol being increasingly utilized for stent applications.