Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Computer Engineering and Sciences

First Advisor

Veton Z. Kepuska

Second Advisor

Nezamoddin Nezamoddini-Kachouie

Third Advisor

Samuel P. Kozaitis

Fourth Advisor

Marius C. Silaghi


In this research, we discuss the situation of students in the three to eight year old age group. Every day in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia during school days, more than 1,000,000 students are transported throughout the country by more than 15,000 school buses. Everything is dependent on the human element. During school transportation around the world, many children are forgotten inside the school bus and with many of them eventually going missing or even dying. The bus driver is usually busy and tired due to the focus on the road, which may make him lose focus on those on the bus. Therefore, we believe that modern technological development must intervene in order to protect children from this problem. In our research, we find a solution to the problem of children being forgotten inside the school bus, mostly due to falling asleep, and being exposed to problems that may cause them harm or death. Our solution to this problem is to verify school children get on and off the school bus safely, through the use of facial recognition and speaker recognition technologies