Hyperspectral reflectance signature protocol for predicting subsurface bottom reflectance in water: in-situ and analytical methods
Proceedings of SPIE - the International Society for Optical Engineering
In-situ measurement of bottom reflectance signatures and bottom features in water are used to test an analytical based irradiance model protocol. Comparisons between predicted and measured bottom reflectance signatures are obtained using measured hyperspectral remote sensing reflectance signatures, water depth and water column constituent concentrations. Analytical solutions and algorithms are used to generate synthetic signatures of different bottom types. The analytical methodology used to simulated bottom reflectance contains offset and bias that can be corrected using spectral window based corrections. Example results are demonstrated for application to coral species, submerged aquatic vegetation and a sand bottom type. Spectral windows are identified for predicting the above bottom types. Sensitivity analysis of predicted bottom reflectance signatures is conducted by varying water depth, chlorophyll, dissolved organic matter and total suspended mater concentrations. The protocol can be applied to shallow subsurface geospatial mapping using sensor based water surface reflectance based upon an analytical model solution derived from primitive radiative transfer theory.
Bostater, C. R., Rotkiske, T., & Oney, T. (2016). Hyperspectral reflectance signature protocol for predicting subsurface bottom reflectance in water: In-situ and analytical methods. Paper presented at the Proceedings of SPIE - the International Society for Optical Engineering, , 9999 doi:10.1117/12.2241547