The Astrophysical Journal
We present new Chandra observations of the radio galaxy 3C 445, centered on its southern radio hot spot. Our observations detect X-ray emission displaced upstream and to the west of the radio-optical hot spot. Attempting to reproduce both the observed spectral energy distribution and the displacement excludes all one-zone models. Modeling of the radio-optical hot spot spectrum suggests that the electron distribution has a low-energy cutoff or break approximately at the proton rest mass energy. The X-rays could be due to external Compton scattering of the cosmic microwave background coming from the fast (Lorentz factor Γ ≈ 4) part of a decelerating flow, but this requires a small angle between the jet velocity and the observer's line of sight (θ ≈ 14°). Alternatively, the X-ray emission can be synchrotron from a separate population of electrons. This last interpretation does not require the X-ray emission to be beamed.
Perlman, Eric S.; Georganopoulos, Markos; May, Emily M.; and Kazanas, Demosthenes, "Chandra Observations Of The Radio Galaxy 3C 445 And The Hot Spot X-Ray Emission Mechanism" (2010). Aerospace, Physics, and Space Science Faculty Publications. 245.