The Astrophysical Journal
We describe a new method for measuring the extragalactic background light (EBL) through the detection of γ-ray inverse Compton (IC) emission due to scattering of the EBL photons off relativistic electrons in the lobes of radio galaxies. Our method has no free physical parameters and is a powerful tool when the lobes are characterized by a high-energy sharp break or cutoff in their electron energy distribution (EED). We show that such a feature will produce a high-energy IC “imprint” of the EBL spectrum in which the radio lobes are embedded and show how this imprint can be used to derive the EBL. We apply our method to the bright nearby radio galaxy Fornax A, for which we demonstrate, using Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) and EGRET observations, that the EED of its lobes is characterized by a conveniently located cutoff, bringing the IC EBL emission into the Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope energy range. We show that Fermi will set upper limits to the optical EBL and measure the more elusive infrared EBL.
Georganopoulos, Markos; Sambruna, Rita M.; Kazanas, Demosthenes; Cillis, Analia N.; Cheung, Chi C.; Perlman, Eric S.; Blundell, Katherine M.; and Davis, David S., "A Novel Method for Measuring the Extragalactic Background Light: Fermi Application to the Lobes of Fornax A" (2008). Aerospace, Physics, and Space Science Faculty Publications. 387.