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Geophysical Research Letters


We analyze the count rates of two terrestrial gamma-ray flashes (TGFs) detected by the Fermi Gamma-ray Burst Monitor (GBM) with the broadband magnetic fields (1 to 300 kHz) produced by the simultaneous lightning processes. The microsecond-scale absolute time accuracy for these data, combined with independent geolocations of the source lightning, enable this analysis with higher accuracy than previously possible. In both events, fast discharge-like processes occur within several tens of microseconds of the gamma-ray generation, although not with a consistent relationship. The magnetic field data also show a slower signal component produced by a source current that in both events mirrors the gamma-ray count rate closely in shape and time. This indicates electromagnetic radiation directly associated with the gamma-ray generation process and thus provides a new means for probing the internal physics of this enigmatic phenomenon.



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