Date of Award


Document Type

Doctoral Research Project

Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)



First Advisor

Kristi Sands Van Sickle

Second Advisor

Richard T. Elmore

Third Advisor

John Frongillo

Fourth Advisor

Mary Beth Kenkel


This study sought out to explore the relationships between parental supervision, poverty levels, and neighborhood safety and the impacts these factors have upon adolescent mental health needs, intervention, and smoking status. In addition, ethnicity groupings and poverty levels were examined to determine additional influence factors on mental health issues. The findings demonstrate that higher levels parental supervision and neighborhood safety predict higher reports of not needing mental health treatment and lower reports of smoking. In relation to mental health treatment, only poverty level demonstrated a significant contribution, suggesting that the lower the poverty level, the less likely treatment will be provided. When examining ethnicity, Asian adolescents were less likely to report needing help, and Latino and Asian adolescents were less likely to receive help. These findings are commensurate with previous literature demonstrating less report and utilization of mental health care resources for these ethnicity populations. This study demonstrates the need for further research related to the development of programs to provide meaningful education and services to adolescents.


Copyright held by author.