Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Richard L. Griffith

Second Advisor

Lisa Steelman

Third Advisor

Charles Bryant

Fourth Advisor

Mary Beth Kenkel


C ross cultural competency (3C) is defined as an individual’s capability to effectively function in culturally diverse contexts, which is influenced by a set of individual antecedents. In the literature 3C has been characterized by a number of models and associated measures. In this thesis, 3C capability was described by seven distinctive antecedents, i.e. mindfulness, inquisitiveness, interpersonal skills, emotional stability, cultural knowledge, cultural experience and foreign language. A pragmatic 3C model was presented based on the literature findings, detailing the underlying mechanisms of 3C and its potential nomological network. The model attempted to reconcile three major disagreements in 3C research, i.e. categorization disagreement, denomination disagreement and relational disagreement. The model also presented a theoretical guide for validation on existing 3C instruments and the construction and development for new 3C measures. The author conducted a validation of the Cross Cultural Competence Navigator (3CN). A set of validity evidence from different sources were accumulated and hypotheses stemming from suggested validation designs were tested. The 3CN demonstrated adequate content based validity evidence with reference to the thesis model, and acceptable internal structured based and relationship based validity evidence based on an analysis of archival data.


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