Date of Award


Document Type

Doctoral Research Project

Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)



First Advisor

Richard T. Elmore, Jr.

Second Advisor

Victoria Follette

Third Advisor

John Frongillo

Fourth Advisor

Lisa Steelman


The Scale of Accurate Personality Prediction (SAPP), developed by Miller (2000), was derived from the 16PF and purports to measure an individual’s ability to accurately assess his or her own self-knowledge. The scores from the SAPP are derived from calculating the absolute value of the difference between the individuals predicted scores on the 16PF, and the individual’s actual scores on the 16PF. The present study aimed to determine if individuals with lower SAPP scores were influenced by social desirability, and if social desirability perception differs by gender. Archival data of 607 individuals was organized into 150 low scoring SAPP individuals and analyzed through a series of T-tests on each of the 16PF 21 factors. Analyses indicated that Warmth (A+), Emotional Stability (C+), Rule Consciousness (G+), Social Boldness (H+), Sensitivity (I+), Abstractness (M-), Apprehension (O-), Perfectionism (Q3+). Tough Mindedness (TM-), and Self Control (SC+) showed a significant difference between obtained and predicted scores. Male respondents did not show significant differences in Social Boldness, and males showed additional significant difference in Tension (Q4-). Implications, limitations, and suggestions for further research are discussed.


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