Date of Award


Document Type

Doctoral Research Project

Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)



First Advisor

Richard T. Elmore Jr.

Second Advisor

Barbara Paulillo

Third Advisor

John Frongillo

Fourth Advisor

Lisa Steelman


The present study uses the16 Personality Factor Couple’s Counseling Report (16PF-CCR) to contribute to the current limited understanding of how gender differences, embedded in personality factors, influence marital satisfaction and relationship adjustment. Results were derived from 80 heterosexual couples (160 individuals) seeking marital counseling in a private practice setting. Statistically significant gender differences were found in Primary Personality Factors including Warmth, Sensitivity, Rule-consciousness, Privateness, Emotional Stability, and Tension. Statistical significant gender differences were observed within Global Personality Factors. Toughmindedness, most closely related to the Openness component of the Five Factor Model of Personality, accounted for a substantial amount of the difference in scores between males and females, with men scoring higher than women. Gender differences were also observed, to a lesser extent, within the Extraversion scale, with females scoring higher than males. Furthermore, statistically significant gender differences were noted on the validity scale, Impression Management. Limitations of this study, clinical implications, and areas for further research were also discussed.


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