Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Erin M. Richard

Second Advisor

Zhiqing E. Zhou

Third Advisor

David A. Wilder

Fourth Advisor

Lisa A. Steelman


The workplace has become an increasingly demanding environment in which individuals must expend personal resources in order to meet job demands (Hobfoll, 1989). Without ample opportunity to recover these depleted resources, employees risk physical and psychological strains (Meijman & Mulder, 1998). It was proposed that depletion and recovery that occurs throughout the workday would impact recovery activities outside of work. Further, two new constructs were examined as moderators of the proposed relationships: personal energy recovery climate (PERC) and non-work recovery interferences (NWRI). A two-week daily diary study was conducted, with 145 working adults completing four surveys throughout each workday. Resource levels related to healthy and destructive recovery behaviors, particularly during the work afternoon and after work. Recovery behavior, in turn, positively predicted well-being at bedtime. PERC and NWRI were significantly related to employee resources and well-being, respectively. Finally, trait self-control predicted healthy recovery behavior after work and predicted variance in the within-person relationship between resources and healthy recovery behavior. These results have implications for theories of self-regulation and employee recovery, and they have practical implications for health promotion within organizations.