Since the beginning of the last century, simulators have been widely used in military and aviation. Recently, the use of simulation in medicine and dentistry has brought the attention of the research community, looking for efficient ways to increase patient's safety by improving surgeon's and dentist's skills. Traditionally, plastic mannequins and cadavers were used to train medical and dental students. However, the lack of details and differences on material properties (in the case of mannequins), and high costs and ethical issues (in the case of cadavers)- supported by the lately improvements of virtual reality, haptics and robotics - have increased the need for research and development of realistic haptics-based augmented virtual reality simulators. That is the main goal of this project.
Luciano, Cristian, "Haptic-based Dental Procedure Training Simulator" (2005). Link Foundation Modeling, Simulation and Training Fellowship Reports. 49.